Environmental awareness and what you need to know about eco-psychology

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These processes have become a natural impetus for the development of environmental psychology. It aims to study human behavior and transform behavior patterns in the name of survival. According to the results

The essence of ecological consciousness is due to the two-way interaction of a person with the environment. The environment has an impact on a person, and a person — on the environment (anthropogenic impact). But I will not delve into anthropogenic impact. Because a person who is open to the world and focused on environmental changes will understand what it is about.
For those who watch too much TV, I suggest they break away and take a walk around the neighborhood. Because everyone can easily see the influence of man even in the deserted taiga.

As a result, this interaction forms an idea of ​​the place and

That is, our psychology has such a mechanism. As soon as it comes to the biological preservation of the organism, then the thought switches are turned on. They begin to analyze the environment and identify factors that threaten survival.

Before our era, such a wake-up call was resolved by resettlement. Because of this, the tribes were removed from their habitat and went to other territories. Found abandoned cities such as Angkor Wat or the pyramids in Peru testify to this today. However, in modern conditions of overpopulation of the planet, the peoples can no longer afford it. Therefore, we have to find ways to regulate the anthropogenic impact, while remaining in the current locations.

Does anyone else think ecological thinking is a political gimmick for making money ?! So, as the IT people would say, your brains are overheated and burned out. And urgently need to change the memory card and hard drive. Because you, most likely, are already deprived of the principle of self-preservation.

Environmental consciousness is an indicator of the moral maturity of a person. His system consists of three types: relationship to nature, relationship to oneself and relationship to other people.

Shlyapnikova I.A. and Demenshin V.N. conducted a study in which they tried to find the relationship between these types. As a result, it was possible to establish that at any age people inclined to accept and respect others also cherish nature. Other relationships were not so obvious.

However, an interesting observation was the age-related dynamics of the structure of ecological consciousness. Thus, the age of 12–19 years is characterized by a general adjustment of the interrelationships of the components of ecological consciousness. Compared to it, 20–29 years old is distinguished by a strong disunity of its components. And the age of 30–39 is favorable for the development of a connection between attitude towards oneself and attitude towards others. While 40-60 is favorable for the development of a connection between attitude to nature and attitude to oneself.

As a result, such conclusions testify that the younger generation is fine-tuned to understand the world. No information war can manipulate the movement of the nihilist mass. Especially against her personal will, formed on an inner feeling. I think that’s why the speech

Millennials, on the other hand, actively support environmental initiatives and the economy’s focus on preserving the planet. They tend to behave in a socially responsible manner, which they also instill in relatives, colleagues and children. They are well aware of the environmental problems of the location in which they live. Therefore, they are able to accept new youth trends of eco-activists, on the one hand. And they bring all possible assistance in the reformation of economic systems, interacting with the older generations — on the other hand.

No matter how objectively demanded this or that direction may be, stereotypes still rule the minds. This is confirmed by a survey conducted in 2015 on the choice of profession among eleventh graders.

Among the most attractive professions of the future, schoolchildren chose education, social sphere, law, finance, management. Space is still in eighth place. But ecology took the penultimate 15th place and stood in front of biotechnology. Of course, energy and mining are on the 12th and 13th lines.

It is also interesting that at the city salary level, only 4.5% of students are ready to move to the countryside. But to another state — 22.7%. And this is despite the aggravating environmental situation in cities around the world.

Moreover, among the important environmental professions, schoolchildren rank the trash designer in last place. And the first place was given to the recycling technologist.

First of all, it is important to note that there is no vocational guidance work in environmental professions in educational institutions. Consequently, this perception of schoolchildren is affected by the attitude of their immediate environment to what is happening. It also reflects the common paradigms of the information space in which they were formed. It is also an interesting fact that these students were born in 1998. The first places in promising areas in the minds of schoolchildren are provided by the country’s internal policy.

From the point of view of environmental psychology, there are only 2 types of people in the world: eco-saving and eco-destructive. It’s time to find out the whole truth about yourself and your environment.

The eco-destroyer is focused on the growth of material consumption. He comprehends his actions only in the financial and economic context. Refers to money as the main life resource. It endows the ecological environment with monetary and utilitarian meanings, connects the quality of life with financial well-being, exists in the commodity-monetary system.

Eco-saver maintains environmental sustainability. Aims at reducing anthropogenic pressure on ecosystems. Comprehends his actions in a biospheric context. Refers to natural ecological systems (biosphere of the planet) as the basis of human life support. The ecological environment acquires an intrinsic value for him. That is, the quality of life is assessed by environmental criteria in which he feels like a part of the biosphere.

Psychologist and specialist in the field of psychology of individual differences M.S. Egorova in her research came to an interesting conclusion. Environmental awareness can be associated not only with the development of positive personality traits. It also takes into account the negative traits related to

The founder is James Gibson, who argued that the world is divided into physical and ecological. We cognize the physical with the help of sciences (physics, chemistry), and the ecological — with the help of the senses. The ecological world consists of animals and the environment. Moreover, they are inseparable from each other and are in constant interaction.

American sociologist Theodore Rozzak in the 60s. argued that the largest transformations of the future are possible thanks to the spiritual transformation of all aspects of life that began in the youth counterculture. He also acted as the chief editor of the journal «Ecopsychology», which carried the humanistic idea of treating the planet and the human soul.

Ecopsychology today seeks to understand the ways that increase the emotional connection between the individual and nature. So that, ultimately, the individual is cured of alienation from nature.

Today ecological psychology does not realize its potential in creating ecological models of human behavior. There is only one practicing psychologist in Moscow who conducts eco-trainings. However, here, too, the essence of ecological behavior is realized in its infancy. Trainings are based on being held in nature, where a person draws energy. The psychologist-consultant tells about the demand for such a service.

Among the methods Natalia uses herbotherapy, animal therapy, walks and communication in nature. In perinatal topics — vregetative growth processes, which help with the passage of IVF protocols. During therapy, she always notes that the vegetative forces of nature contribute to relaxation. They also help to quickly restore energy and, in general, have a positive effect on the course of therapy. The forest belongs to the third level of nature in terms of energy. In the first place — mountains, in the second — the sea.

Of course, while the therapeutic method is focused more on the consumer model. But let’s remember the biophelia hypothesis that humans have an innate instinct to connect with nature. Therefore, there is still hope that psychologists will provide the necessary platform, and that nature will open up ecological consciousness on its own.

The article was prepared by Irina Smetankina